The Baby Boxes
It inspires me that one day a regular guy takes a stand and says “no more”, puts himself at financial risk, takes on Czech officialdom and battles dogma in a LITERAL life or death struggle.
What’s It For and Where Does The Idea Come From?
A baby box is simply a safe but temporary place for a newborn baby to be abandoned. You can trace the history of places where babies can be abandoned in a reasonably safe way back to the 12th Century when it was basically a small door on the side of a convent with a bell to sound it’s use. Or even the 5th Century in France where churches contained a special marble bowl where a child could be left.
Why The Modern Version?
You don’t have to search online for too long to find “newborn found dead in park”, “newborn found dead in waste bin” etc etc. It’s a horrible thought that the mother felt that there was absolutely no support or other option than to allow the child to die in appalling conditions. In 2003 a guy called Ludvik Hess had a wish “that no newborn would ever again be found dead in this manner”. So he built baby boxes. The old “pull down the door” style was replaced by the modern “automated, non-collision” version from 2011.
How Does It Work?
There is now a foundation called STATIM that funds the process whereby each baby box costs approximately £32,000. The box itself allows for the newborn baby to be placed inside. The modern version then detects the weight of the child and automatically begins a heating and ventilation process. With a delay of 30 seconds an alarm notifies nursing staff that a baby has been left. They then collect it from their side of the wall and begin the necessary checks and treatment as required. This delay and the quiet location of the baby boxes ensures the person abandoning the child can remain anonymous even though there are contact numbers listed and leaflet advice about coming forward later.
It was thought that it might be one or two “per year” so the first of three baby boxes was installed at a private Gynecological Hospital (GynCentrum) in Prague and made operational on June 1st 2005 (International Children’s Day). It has since received 23 abandoned babies. Nationally, a total of 72 baby boxes have been installed meaning that, at the time of writing, 160 babies have been rescued.
The First One
It was nine months after the first baby box was installed that the alarm sounded on February 17th 2006. It must have been a shock to the nursing staff. As the box was opened there was a little girl, just under a month old with a letter from the mother stating that she was one of twins and as a single mother it was more than she could cope with. The letter also asked that she be adopted by a couple who had spent at least 10 years trying to conceive. In this case the mother stayed within sight of the box so she was sure that she would not be left. The girl already had a name, Sonia.
The Most Recent
The most recent was a little girl named Andrea by her mother, placed as a newborn (same day) into the Krnov BabyBox on October 13th 2017.
The Social Argument
At first, State hospitals refused permission to build baby boxes. It would “encourage abandonment”, “discourage contraception”, “discourage official contact” etc etc. There was also the various “rights of the child” to be argued over. The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child highlighted in its recommendation, where it calls on the state to address the causes of abandonment of newborns, including support and assistance for unplanned and unwanted pregnancies. The UN also states that: “States Parties shall take all necessary measures to protect the child against all forms of discrimination or punishment resulting from the status, activity, opinions or beliefs of its parents, Legal guardians or family members.
Ludvik Hess considered the “right to life” must be possible before all others could be granted.
Graphics on the page all come from BabyBox. The website is in Czech but a little use of Google Translator will open the world of how Baby Boxes in Czech got started and how the system continues to grow. The 71st Baby Box opened at the Marianske Lazne Hospital barely six weeks ago and four more will open by the end of this year.
Do you have a Baby Box near you and have you ever wondered why?